chloroplast DNA

chloroplast DNA
  DNA constituting the ‘chromosome’ of a chloroplast.

Expanded glossary of Cycad terms . 2014.

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  • chloroplast DNA — The DNA present in the chloroplast. Although the chloroplast has a small genome, the large number of chloroplasts per cell ensures that chloroplast DNA is a significant proportion of the total DNA in a plant cell …   Glossary of Biotechnology

  • Transfer of mitochondrial and chloroplast DNA to the nucleus — As a logical conclusion of the endosymbiotic theory, since modern day mitochondrial and chloroplast genomes do not contain a full set of housekeeping genes, and lack many that other descendants of their speculative ancestors share, there must… …   Wikipedia

  • Chloroplast — Simplified structure of a chloroplast Chloroplasts (English pronunciation: /ˈklɒrəplæsts/) are organelles found in plant cells and other eukaryotic organisms that conduct photosynthesis. Chloroplasts capture light energy to conserve …   Wikipedia

  • DNA barcoding — is a taxonomic method that uses a short genetic marker in an organism s DNA to identify it as belonging to a particular species. It differs from molecular phylogeny in that the main goal is not to determine classification but to identify an… …   Wikipedia

  • DNA replication — DNA replication. The double helix is unwound and each strand acts as a template for the next strand. Bases are matched to synthesize the new partner strands. DNA replication is a biological process that occurs in all living organisms and copies… …   Wikipedia

  • Chloroplast — Chloroplasten in der Blattspreite des Laubmooses Plagiomnium affine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • DNA-Doppelhelix — Animiertes Strukturmodell einer DNA Helix in B Konformation. Die Stickstoff (blau) enthaltenden Nukleinbasen liegen waagrecht zwischen zwei Rückgratsträngen, welche sehr reich an Sauerstoff (rot) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chloroplast membrane — The simplified internal structure of a chloroplast Chloroplasts contain several important membranes, vital for their function. Like mitochondria, chloroplasts have a double membrane envelope, called the chloroplast envelope. Each membrane is a… …   Wikipedia

  • chloroplast — Photosynthetic organelle of higher plants. Lens shaped and rather variable in size but approximately 5µm long. Surrounded by a double membrane and contains circular DNA (though not enough to code for all proteins in the chloroplast). Like the… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • chloroplast — Specialized plastid that contains chlorophyll. Lens shaped and bounded by a double membrane, chloroplasts contain membranous structures (thylakoids) piled up into stacks, surrounded by a gel like matrix (stroma). They are the site of solar energy …   Glossary of Biotechnology

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